Jerry is terrified of snakes, even though

Q1. Jerry is terrified of snakes, even though he lives in midtown Manhattan and only seessnakes at pet shops and zoos. He is probably suffering froma. panic disorder.b. phobic disorder.c. generalized anxiety disorder.d. obsessive-compulsive disorder. Q2. People who lose contact with portions of their consciousness or memory, andexperience disruptions in their sense of identity, would most likely be considered as havingwhich of the following types of disorders?a. schizophreniab. anxiety disordersc. dissociative disordersd. somatoform disorders Q3. The fear of snakes and spiders is very common in people. Seligman (1971) wouldprobably explain this with the idea ofa. experience.b. learning history.c. ego comparison history.d. preparedness. Q4. The DSM classification system is said to be ‘multiaxial’. This means that the systema. permits multiple diagnoses of a single individual.b. allows many different potential methods of diagnosing people.c. asks for judgments about individuals on a number of distinct dimensions.d. recognizes that people can be considered both normal and abnormal at the same time. Q5. Which of the following statements best reflects the relationship between stress andanxiety disorders?a. High stress may help precipitate the onset of anxiety disorders.b. People with anxiety disorders tend to be unaffected by stress. c. The relationship between stress and anxiety disorders is largely a myth.d. Stress appears to exert its influence on the severity, rather than the onset, of anxietydisorders.Q6. Sarah hears voices that tell her to shoot Dr. Laura. She is experiencinga. delusions.b. compulsions.c. a phobic reaction.d. hallucinations. Q7. The DSM-IV uses ____ axes in its classification scheme.a. threeb. fourc. fived. six Q8. Which of the following has been identified as a major factor in the etiology ofschizophrenia?a. genetic vulnerabilityb. observational learningc. exposure to high-anxious peers at an early aged. an extensive number of avoidance-avoidance conflicts Q9. ____ involves habitually engaging in out-of-control overeating followed by unhealthycompensatory efforts, such as self-induced vomiting and excessive exercise.a. Amenorrheab. Osteoporosisc. Bulimia nervosad. Anorexia nervosa Q10. Which of the following statements regarding the definition of abnormal behavior isnot accurate? a. Everyone acts in deviant ways once in a while.b. It is often difficult to draw a line that clearly separates normality from abnormality.c. People are judged to have psychological disorders only when their behavior becomesextremely deviant, maladaptive, or distressing.d. For the most part, people with psychological disorders behave in bizarre ways that are verydifferent from the behavior of normal people.Q11. The typical age of onset for obsessive-compulsive disorder isa. early childhood.b. early adolescence.c. late adolescence.d. middle adulthood. Q12. The ____ model proposes it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease.a. physiologicalb. medicalc. psychosociald. bio-neurological Q13. All but which of the following is a most widely cited common factor at the core ofvarious therapies?a. an alliance with a professional helperb. emotional support and empathy from the therapistc. plausible methods for alleviating problemsd. adjusting to old patterns of behavior Q14. Freud believed that neurotic problems were caused bya. unconscious conflicts left over from childhood.b. recurring self-defeating behaviors.c. conscious conflicts with significant others.d. learned behaviors that become established early in life. Q15. ____ is an incurable side effect marked by chronic tremors and involuntary spasticmovements sometimes caused by antipsychotics.a. Disorganized schizophreniab. Catatonic schizophreniac. Tic disorderd. Tardive dyskinesia Q16. Which of the following has been treated successfully with aversion therapy?a. schizophreniab. alcohol dependencec. dissociative identity disorderd. obsessive-compulsive disorder Q17. The third step in the process of systematic desensitization is toa. train the client in muscle relaxation.b. help the client build an anxiety hierarchy.c. have the client works though the hierarchy and try to remain relaxed.d. expose the client to mild anxiety-arousing stimuli. Q18. ____ drugs are used to relieve tension, apprehension, and nervousness.a. Antianxietyb. Antineuroticc. Antipsychoticd. Antidepressant Q19. Psychoanalysis is a therapy that emphasizesa. self-fulfillment.b. behavioral intervention.c. self-concept congruency.d. unconscious conflict. Q20. Which of the following drugs has been found to be beneficial in the treatment ofdepressed patients while creating the fewest side effects?a. tricyclicsb. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorsc. diazepamd. MAO inhibitors Q21. Which of the following statements regarding ethnic minority utilization ofpsychotherapy is accurate?a. Minority group members will use psychotherapy services if no other choices exist.b. Minority group members use psychotherapy services more frequently than majority groupmembers.c. Female members of an ethnic minority will use psychotherapy services if encouraged bymales in their ethnic group.d. A variety of barriers exist that most likely result in members of ethnic minority groupsunderutilizing psychotherapy services.Q22. Which of the following statements regarding the evaluation of behavior therapies isaccurate?a. Behavior therapists historically have placed little emphasis on measuring therapeuticoutcomes.b. Behavior therapies are well suited for the treatment of virtually any psychological problem.c. There is favorable evidence on the efficacy of most of the widely used behavioralinterventions.d. Behavior therapists generally have a difficult time measuring progress, due to the nature oftheir therapeutic goals.Q23. ____ are unconscious defense maneuvers intended to hinder the progress of therapy.a. Resistanceb. Transferencec. Interpretation linkaged. Free association linkage Q24. If a client in psychoanalysis attempts to lead the therapist away from sensitive issues,the client is displaying a. resistance.b. transference.c. over-interpretation.d. free association linkage. Q25. The best thing to do if you feel that you are making no progress in therapy is to

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