Literature Review & Evidence Matrix of infection control in the NICUs

For this assignment, you will prepare a 3 to 4 page review of the literature pertinent to infection control in the NICUs and to use that review to propose a methodology to address the problem.

Conduct a search of literature relevant to the problem/topic. Identify a minimum of 4 references, most of which are randomized clinical trials. Only one opinion articles may be included.

Read the peer- reviewed articles with the focus of preparing a document that will compare and contrast the information in the articles you found. Copies of the articles used must be submitted with the final assignment.

The reader of your literature review should be able to clearly identify the gaps in the knowledge in the problem area as well as the purpose of the study you are proposing. You should be able to write enough to create an effective argument but not so much that the result looks padded. 

Prepare an Evidence Matrix using the template attached

Submission Instructions:

The assignment is 3-4 pages in length and follows current APA format including citation of references.

Incorporate a minimum of 4 current (published within the last five years) scholarly journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work.

Journal articles and books should be referenced according to the current APA style (the library has a copy of the APA Manual).


The Evidence Matrix can help you organize your research before writing your literature review.  Use it to identify patterns and cohesions in the articles you have found similar methodologies?  common theoretical frameworks? It helps you make sure that all your major concepts covered. It also helps you see how your research fits into the context of the overall topic.

A literature review provides a summary of previous research on a topic that appraises, categorizes, and compares what has been previously published on a specific topic. It lets the author to synthesize and place into context the research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic. It helps to plan the different methods to a given question and reveals patterns. It forms the foundation for the author’s subsequent research and defends the significance of the new investigation.

The introduction should define the topic and set the stage for the literature review. It will include the author's perspective or point of view on the topic, how they have defined the scope of the topic (including what's not included), and how the review will be organized. It can point out overall trends, conflicts in methodology or conclusions, and gaps in the research.

In the body of the review, the author should organize the research into major topics and subtopics. These groupings may be by subject, type of research such as case studies, methodology such as qualitative, genre, chronology, or other common characteristics. Within these groups, the author can then discuss the evidences of each article and examine and compare the importance of each article to similar ones.

The conclusion will summarize the main findings of the review of literature supports or not the research to follow and may give direction for further research.

The list of references will include full citations for all the items mentioned in the literature review.



Evidence Matrix

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Name/ Year of Publication

Research Design

Sample Size

Outcome Variables Measured


(A, B, C)

Results/Author’s Suggested Conclusion

Research Design Options: Quantitative, Qualitative, Systematic Review, Mixed Method Study

Outcome variables measured: what is the researcher trying to measure or investigate. The aim or objective of the study.

Quality is very subjective: This is your opinion so you cannot get this wrong. Choose from the following:

A: (High) Further research is very unlikely to change our confidence in the estimate of effect.

B: (Moderate) Further research is likely to have an important impact on our confidence in the estimate of effect and may change the estimate.

C: (Low) Further research is very likely to have an important impact on our confidence in the estimate of effect and is likely to change the estimate.

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