This type of analysis can help public officials

Chapter 13 33751. This type of analysis can help public officials plan and select an alternative action:a. evaluation analysisb. evidence-based analysisc. policy analysisd. problem analysis2. Evaluation research is designed to:a. be cost effectiveb. determine if a program is effective in its implementationc. determine what the public policy should bed. be published3. Which of the following statements is accurate concerning program evaluations?a. program evaluation is designed to link the intended actions and goals of policy toempirical evidence that supports them having the desired effectsb. program evaluation is concerned only with whether policies are popularc. program evaluation is concerned with whether policies are ethicald. all of the above4. Which of the following is a type of program evaluation?a. exploratory studiesb. content assessmentc. impact assessmentd. content analysis5. At what stage does problem analysis take place?a. policy implementingb. later studyc. program evaluationd. policy making6. Which of the following represents potential problems in doing evaluation research?a. conflicting goalsb. clearly stated goalsc. ability to express policy goals in the “ifthen” form that can be empirically testedd. all of the above7. When a researcher prepares their understanding of a program’s goals, elements, and operations, she is preparing aprogram:a. evaluationb. descriptionc. analysisd. hypothesis8. Program goals represent:a. empirical indicatorsb. desired outcomesc. inputsd. standards9. Which of the following would a researcher completing an impact assessment be concerned with?a. understanding how participants are selectedb. measuring the dependent variablec. measuring the success of the programd. measuring the independent variable10. Randomization may not be appropriate for assignment of people to treatment or programs forall of the following reasons except:a. practical reasonsb. agency supportc. ethical reasonsd. legal reasons11. If the number of subjects in a program is small, statistical tests can detect only very largeprogram effects of differences in outcome measures between the two groups. Thisillustrates the problem of:a. generalizabilityb. statistical conclusion validityc. maturationd. reliability12. Treatment integrity is roughly equivalent to:a. reliabilityb. validityc. generalizabilityd. the accuracy of the data 13. Policy analysis is used to:a. help gather datab. select an alternative course of actionc. produce an explanationd. all of the above14. Policy analysis searches for:a. actions that will be accepted by funding agenciesb. operational definitions of policy termsc. the consequences that would follow the implementation of various courses of actiond. whether the policy should be implemented15. Which of the following is in contrast to incident-oriented policing?a. problem-oriented policingb. reactive-oriented policingc. call for service policingd. report-driven policing16. Which of the following embody the means to achieve desired policy goals?a. outputsb. inputsc. impactsd. achievements17. Which of the following would a researcher be least likely to use randomized designs?a. program evaluation studiesb. ex-post evaluationsc. victim centered studiesd. time-series designs18. Dr. Smith is interested in implementing a program that is designed to reduce the recidivism ratesof property offenders. He selects two state prisons and with the blessing of the Department ofCorrections begins the programs in the main state prison for males and a female institution thatis nearby. Which design would be best for Dr. Smith to use?a. non-equivalent groupsb. randomized studyc. interrupted times-seriesd. none of these would work19. When evaluating full-coverage programs, it is typically best to use: a. interrupted time-seriesb. quasi-experimental designc. ex post evaluationd. randomized design20. There are two jails in your city, one houses state detainees waiting trial while the other housesfederal prisoners awaiting trial. You have been asked to assess why there are differences in theinstitutional behavior between these two institutions. Which design would be appropriate?a. non-equivalent groupsb. true experimentc. classical experimentd. interrupted time-series21. A community policing program began in an entertainment area in a large metropolitan area.City leaders are interested to see if the change in policing strategy has reduced the number ofcrimes and has asked faculty from a local university to complete a study. What type ofevaluation would be best?a. interrupted time-seriesb. ex-post evaluationc. non-equivalent groupsd. class experiment22. Specifying program goals and objectives in operational terms produces:a. empirical indicators of program outcomesb. conceptual definitionsc. program outcomesd. program integrity23. Your state prison system is determined to reduce the recidivism rates of adult offenders leaving thesystem. To accomplish this goal, a pre-release program is implemented. The Director of thedepartment of corrections suggested an ideal design involving:a. randomizationb. interrupted time-seriesc. non-equivalent groupsd. quasi-experimental design24. Which of the following is not a concern when a researcher uses an interrupted time-series design?a. reliability of experimental treatmentb. historyc. instrumentation d. construct validity25. Which of the following can color research in many ways?a. evaluationb. politicsc. resultsd. analyses

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