In accepting a job, you incur an opportunity cost.

Surch answerQ1. In accepting a job, you incur an opportunity cost. a. true b. falseQ2. A rightward shift of the production possibilities curve represents economic growth. a. true b. falseQ3. The assumption of rational self-interest implies that people will choose to enrich themselves even if doing so violates the rights or property of others. a. true b. falseQ4. If you can earn $10 an hour as a retail clerk, $12 an hour as an office assistant, $16 an hour as a house painter, and $20 an hour repairing bicycles, what is your opportunity cost of working to repair bicycles? a. $12 an hour b. $10 an hour c. $20 an hour d. $16 an hourQ5. In the graph of a production possibilities curve, both the horizontal and vertical axes measure the annual quantities of goods produced. a. true b. falseQ6. Scarcity arises because a. international companies are slow to explore for new resources. b. resources are finite and unable to meet all human wants and needs. c. many countries waste goods because of inefficient political systems. d. import taxes retard production.Q7. A production possibilities curve with clothing and food on the axes shows which of the following?I. A society cannot have an unlimited amount of each good.II. For an efficient society, an increase in clothing production will necessitate a decrease in food production.III. A society will always produce the maximum amount of both clothing and food. a. II only b. I only c. III only d. both I and IIQ8. All points on the production possibilities curve are efficient. a. true b. falseQ9. Economic growth can be pictured in a production possibilities curve diagram by a. shifting the production possibilities curve out. b. moving from right to left along the curve. c. moving from left to right along the curve. d. shifting the production possibilities curve in.Q10. Suppose the current unemployment rate is 15 percent. If it rises to 20 percent, a. the production possibilities curve will shift inward. b. the economy will move closer to the production possibilities curve. c. the economy will operate further inside the production possibilities curve. d. the economy will move up along the production possibilities curve.Q11. Clean air is a scarce resource. a. true b. falseQ12. Which of the following statements is FALSE? a. A good is anything that gives satisfaction or happiness to individuals. b. Wants may include humanitarian and altruistic goals. c. Wants are unlimited and include all material and nonmaterial desires. d. Economic goods are available in desired quantities at a zero price.Q13. The current size of the U.S. labor force is less than 100 million workers. a. true b. falseQ14. The factors of production are a. never as useful as people expect them to be. b. valuable only because they are owned by corporations seeking to make a profit from them. c. scarce resources. d. abundant without limit on the planet.Q15. Why do firms seek to use the least-cost combination of inputs? a. because they won’t be able to stay in business if they don’t b. because that is the combination that their employees prefer c. because managers and supervisors find their jobs are easiest when the least-cost combination is used d. because they want to keep costs low in order to appear to the media as a well-run businessQ16. Which one of the following best describes how economists view prices? a. Low prices are good; high prices are bad. b. High prices are good; low prices are bad. c. The best price is a fair price. d. Prices are signals of relative scarcity.Q17. The person who creates a product innovation and brings it to market is providing the resource of a. labor. b. land. c. entrepreneurship. d. capital.Q18. Gifts of nature used in the production process are considered a. entrepreneurship. b. labor. c. land. d. capital.Q19. In a free market economy, a. government decides what is produced, and producers decide who gets to consume it. b. as a good becomes relatively more scarce, its price declines. c. firms choose only to produce the most fashionable goods, regardless of the cost of production. d. goods and services are allocated by a price system.Q20. Resources are also known as a. stocks, bonds, and other financial instruments. b. minerals. c. factors of production. d. factories.Q21. The size of the U.S. labor force has declined over the past 20 years as many jobs have been outsourced from the United States to other countries. a. true b. falseQ22. Which one of the following is TRUE? a. The growth of the U.S. population over the next several decades will come from immigration. b. Population growth makes a country poorer, because there are more mouths to feed. c. Real per capita GDP can increase only if there is inflation. d. Real per capita GDP can increase only if there is no inflation.Q23. Which one of the following is FALSE? a. The U.S. labor force will continue to grow through immigration. b. Inflation stops economic growth. c. Increased availability of reliable communication channels at lower and lower costs have led to companies relocating their manufacturing operations offshore. d. The size of the U.S. labor force continues to grow despite many jobs being moved off-shore.Q24. What is the purpose of a market system? a. to facilitate efficient exchange b. to encourage consumers to buy goods on credit c. to ensure an equal distribution of income d. to ensure that everyone is treated fairlyQ25. The market system is also called the price system because a. people pay money in markets. b. everything has a price tag. c. rising prices are the signal to producers to make more of a particular good. d. inflation is a disturbing problem.Q26. Production refers to a. any activity that causes a material conversion of an object. b. any activity that results in the conversion of resources into goods and services that can be consumed. c. any activity carried on by a firm, whether a corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. d. physically producing material goods only.Q27. An increase in the price of coffee, holding other things constant, will a. decrease the demand for coffee. b. increase the demand for coffee. c. decrease the quantity of coffee demanded. d. decrease the supply of coffee.Q28. The supply curve shifts when the firm experiences a change in its production technology. a. true b. falseQ29. A surplus results when the quantity supplied exceeds the quantity demanded. a. true b. falseQ30. Table 3.1Price per Constant-Quality Unit Quantity Demanded of Constant-Quality Units per Year Quantity Supplied of Constant-Quality Units per Year$1.00 1,000 2002.00 800 4003.00 600 6004.00 400 8005.00 200 1,000What condition characterizes a surplus? a. Quantity supplied exceeds quantity demanded. b. Quantity demanded exceeds quantity supplied. c. Consumers are unhappy with the price. d. Producers are unhappy with the price.Q31. An increase in quantity demanded is caused by a. an increase in income. b. a decrease in the price of a complement. c. a change in expectations about price in the future. d. a decrease in the price of the good.Q32. The demand curve is downward sloping because a. price and quantity have a direct relationship. b. price is always constant. c. demand is based on supply. d. price and quantity have an inverse relationship.Q33. An increase in the price of one good will decrease the demand for a substitute good. a. true b. falseQ34. The market demand curve is the vertical summation of the demand curves of all the individuals in the market. a. true b. falseQ35. The equilibrium price of a good is a price that everyone is happy with. a. true b. falseQ36. Which one of the following would cause a rightward shift of the supply curve? a. A new tax is imposed on production of the good. b. Some firms that have been producing the good go out of business. c. Firms producing the good find ways of lowering their production costs. d. There is an increase in demand for the good.Q37. Which of the following is a determinant of demand? a. cost of production b. number of suppliers c. technology of production d. incomeQ38. The market demand curve for a particular good a. will not be affected by any of the determinants of individual demand. b. is the horizontal sum of each individual demand curve for the good. c. will show a direct relationship between price and quantity demanded. d. may be less than an individual demand curve for the good.Q39. Table 4.4Quantity of CDs Purchased Total Utility Marginal Utility1 75 2 1353 1854 355 256 15According to Table 4.4, what is the total utility when six CDs are purchased? a. 65 b. 260 c. 120 d. 220Q40. A rational consumer will never purchase a product when its a. marginal utility is decreasing. b. total utility is decreasing. c. marginal utility is slightly positive. d. marginal utility is negative.Q41. The price elasticity of demand becomes relatively greater as more substitutes are easily available. a. true b. falseQ42. Which of the following statements is true with respect to total utility and marginal utility? a. Marginal utility is always equal to total utility. b. Total utility will always be negative when marginal utility is positive. c. Total utility is minimized when marginal utility is zero. d. Marginal utility can decline as total utility rises.Q43. Table 4.3Quantityof Soda Marginal Utility of Soda Quantityof Pizza Marginal Utility of Pizza1 50 1 1002 25 2 803 0 3 604 -25 4 40After consuming what quantity of soda does the consumer in Table 4.3 experience diminishing marginal utility? a. 2 b. 3 c. 1 d. 4Q44. If the price elasticity of demand is 0.5, a 10 percent increase in the price will cause a. the quantity demanded to decrease by 20 percent. b. the quantity demanded to decrease by 50 percent. c. the quantity demanded to increase by 50 percent. d. the quantity demanded to decrease by 5 percent.Q45. Which one of the following would make the demand for satellite subscription TV relatively less elastic? a. The cost of administering the satellite service is lowered. b. Cable TV service becomes less widely available. c. Other networks of wireless entertainment become more widely available. d. The cost of transmitting satellite signals is lowered.Q46. A price increase will cause a relatively large drop in quantity demanded when a. demand is perfectly inelastic. b. the price elasticity of demand is 0. c. there is very little time allowed for consumers to react. d. the consumer has easy access to a number of substitute goods.Q47. Table 4.6Price Quantity Demanded$20 90$16 110$12 130$ 8 150According to the data in Table 4.6, what is the elasticity of demand between a price of $20 and a price of $16? a. 0.60 b. 0.75 c. 0.90 d. 1.25Q48. Price elasticity of demand is the responsiveness a. of the quantity demanded to changes in supply. b. of the quantity demanded to changes in income. c. of the quantity demanded to changes in price. d. of the quantity demanded to changes in quantity.Q49. Everyone who views the latest adventure movie in theaters will derive the same utility from seeing it. a. true b. falseQ50. The law of diminishing marginal utility asserts that total utility becomes negative when marginal utility begins to diminish. a. true b. false

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